A balanced dog of
medium proportions , harmoniously proportioned , intelligent ,
rustic , accustomed to open-air life , built to resist the bad weather of the seasons and
the atmospheric variations so frequent to the Belgian climate . By the harmony of his
shape and the proud carriage of his head , the Belgian Shepherd Dog must give the
impression of that robust elegance which has become the heritage of the selected
representatives of a working breed . In addition to this inborn aptitude for guarding
flocks , he has the precious qualities to be the best guard dog for the property .
When necessary he is , without hesitation , a tenacious and ardent defender of his
master . He is vigilant and is alert and inquiring , denoting his intelligence .
The head is well
chiseled , long without exaggeration , dry . The skull and the muzzle
are of sensible equal length , with at most a very slight advantage for the muzzle , which
gives an impression of perfect finish to the whole .
Black , well open nostrils .
Of medium length
gradually towards the nose , the bridge of the nose is straight ,
in profile parallel to the imaginary line extending from the skull . Mouth well split .
Of thin tissue ,
closing thigtly , strongly pigmented , not showing the red of the mucous
Dry , quite flat , although muscled .
Strong , white ,
regular teeth firmly set in well developed jaws ."Scissors bite", i.e.
upper jaw fitting closely over those of the lower jaw , extending slightly beyond them
without loosing contact with them . Super-position of the incisors is tolerated : in fact it
is this bite , named "pincer bite", which is preferred by drivers of sheep and cattle .
Moderate , but marked .
Not prominent , muzzle well chiseled below the eyes .
Of medium width ,
in proportion to lenght of the head , with forehead rather flat than
rounded , with median line little pronounced . Seen in profile its extension is parallel
to the bridge of the nose .
Of medium size ,
not prominent nor sunken slightly almond shaped , of brownish color-
preferably black ; black rimmed eyelids . Direct look , lively , intelligent and inquisitive
triangular appearance , stiff and erect , set high , proportioned in
lobe edges well rounded at the base .
Reach , slightly
elongated ,well muscled , without dewlap , brooding gradually towards
the shoulders . Very slightly arched .
Solid bone structure all over , muscles dry and strong .
blades are long , sloping and flat , sufficiently angulated with
give the elbows easy play .
Should move in a direction strictly parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body .
Long and well muscled .
Strong and short . Pastern joints clean without traces of rickets.
Rather round .
arches and well closed . The pads thick and elastic .
Nails dark and strong.
The body is
powerful without heaviness . Lenght from point of shoulders to point of
buttocks approximately equal to the height at withers in the dog . May be slightly
longer in the bitch .
broad , but deep and well let down , as in all animals of great
The rib cage is constructed of ribs arched in their upper parts .
(Back and loin) : straight , broad and powerfully muscled .
developed , neither drooping nor tucked up , continuing underline of
in a harmonious curve .
Very slightly sloping , broad without execs .
, moving in the same planes as the forequarters . In stance
perpendicular to the ground .
Upper thighs(First thighs)
Broad and strongly muscled . The stifle nearly perpendicular to the pelvis .
Lower thighs(Second thighs)
Long , broad ,
muscled and sufficiently bent at the hocks without excess. Hocks well
down , broad and muscled . Seen from behind they should be perfectly parallel .
Solid and short . Dew claws not desirable .
Slightly oval . Toes arched and well closed . Pads thick and elastic . Nails dark and strong .
The tail is well
set on , strong at the base and of medium lenght . At rest the dog
it hanging down , the tip bent slightly backwards at the level of the hock .
On the move he lifts it , accentuating the curve towards the tip , but at no time forming
a hook or deviation .
The mask must
include the upper and lower lips , the corner of the mouth and
the eyelids in a single black area .
The fawn color
with black overlay being the most natural , remains the preferred one .
The fawn should be warm , neither light nor washed out . Any dog whose color does
not correspond to the desired intensity , cannot be awarded the qualification "excellent"
and even less receive a proposal for CAC , CACIB or the "reserves".
The coat must
always be abundant , close and of good texture , forming with the woody
undercoat an excellent protective covering .
Elastic but well tight over the whole body. External mucous membranes strongly pigmented .
Male 62-66 CM
Female 58-62 CM
The movement is
brisk and free , covering a maximum of ground . Always on the move ,
the Belgian Shepherd Dog seems tireless , because of his exuberant temperament , he has a
marked tendency to move in circles rather than in a straight line .